Category Archives: Risk & Compliance

Risk & Compliance How to Rate Trade Credit Risk – Without Much Data

Darth Vader meme: I Find Your Lack of Data...Disturbing
Mar282017

Allowing people or businesses to pay for things on credit is an ancient practice, and just as ancient is the dilemma: How can you tell if they will pay you back? We know how this works when lending to individuals, but sometimes granting trade credit is trickier. I recently went to visit a new FICO client who are involved in the bunkering industry. Bunkering is the business of providing fuel to shipping, and our client offers credit lines to cruise lines, oil firms and any company that needs to fill up its large vessels with black gold and all its refined derivatives. Like any other institution that offers trade credit (typical firms will pay a bunkering firm within 30 days for the fuel it has purchased), they have a bad debt problem, which is particularly important in an industry with small margins. Although some bunkering firms have turnovers well into... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance NBC News Probes Two Changes That Could Boost Credit Scores

NBC News Credit Scores Video - retro reporter image
Mar202017

NBC Nightly News recently aired coverage where they examined two changes that could boost credit scores for millions of US consumers. The news agency examined last year’s announcement of FICO® Score XD, aimed at the millions of US consumers who otherwise cannot receive a FICO® Score due to insufficient or stale data in traditional credit bureau files. NBC News discussed how the new score leverages alternative data, such as utilities payments and wireless and cable bill payment history, to determine credit scores. And starting July 1, the three major credit reporting agencies are dropping certain negative information from credit reports, including tax liens and civil judgments. NBC Nightly News shares FICO estimates that 12 million consumers will see their FICO® Scores increase – although, roughly 11 million of these consumers will see only a slight score increase of less than 20 points. View the NBC Nightly News video: Changes to Credit... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance Why GDPR Is a Four-Letter Word for Collectors

GDPR logo
Mar202017

Collectors in Europe who have been ignoring GDPR because it was risk’s problem, or the CIO’s problem, or the compliance team’s problem should think again. GDPR could well be a four-letter word for collections. You’re probably familiar with the General Data Protection Regulation, Europe’s attempt to create a single, enforceable standard to protect the freedom and rights of EU citizens. But you might not have thought much about it from a collections perspective. I just presented a webinar on GDPR in collections, so I’ve got an hour’s worth of material if you want to listen to it. However, I’ll keep it brief here and just give you 11 takeaways to ponder: 1. It applies from 25 May 2018. You have a year to get comfortable with it. 2. It’s not just about social media data. That’s how it started, but it broadened into an all-encompassing piece of regulation by the time it... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance Do ‘Digital-Only Banks’ Have a Future in Asia?

Mar162017

Imagine a scenario where banks offer their services digitally; not as an ad hoc feature but as a fully integrated mobile experience. A digital-only bank that allows customers to do everything on their smartphones, from opening a new account to making payments, settling credit card bills to resolving disputes, all without having to go to a physical branch. If this vision sounds premature, then perhaps it’s time to update your view of what’s happening worldwide. This was the bold proposition offered by McKinsey & Company’s Sonia Barquin who presented at FICO’s Asia Pacific Chief Risk Officer Forum held this week in Thailand. Banks worldwide are fighting back against fintech start-ups looking to cut their lunch with low-cost banking offerings. Barquin pointed out that some global banks are developing digital-only offshoots while others are bringing the philosophy and business model to their main bank offering. Sonia encouraged the participants to be... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance Why the Panama Papers Leak Was Good for KYC

Panama Papers illustration
Mar132017

For many banks, KYC — Know Your Customer — means asking them how they intend to use a product, where the funds are coming from for their new account, etc. At the same time, the bank will check the customer against sanction lists, PEP (politically exposed persons) lists, and so forth. It’s not enough. Some hard evidence that it’s not enough came in 2016, when the so-called Panama Papers leak revealed that thousands of people worldwide owned a shell company in one of the countries covered. This was, needless to say, not something those individuals had disclosed to their banks. Should banks care? Absolutely. Under the KYC requirements that are part of current regulations, such as the 4th EU Money Laundering Directive and the fifth pillar of the BSA, the bank needs to know the business of their customers. If a customer owns an offshore company, it’s quite possibly so... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance Auto Loan Credit Quality: Hazardous Road Conditions Ahead? Part 2

Auto Lending Credit Trends #2
Feb282017

In my last blog post, I shared a new FICO research study on credit trends in auto lending. One key finding highlighted that the size of auto loans has been increasing faster than inflation since the recession. So how are consumers affording these larger loans? It’s simple: consumers are ending up with longer terms for their car loans: While five-year loans were the most popular length of terms in 2009, there has been a swing towards opening six-year loans since then. Seven-year loan terms—while still rare at ~5% of all new loans—seem to be increasing in popularity as well. This trend towards more six-year loans occurred across all FICO® Scores. This shift may signal an increase in credit risk for the industry because six-year loans have historically had higher delinquency rates. However, confirming this requires some care in our analysis. The lingering effects of the recession, average age of the... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance The Skinny on Trump’s Regulatory Reset

regulatory reset
Feb232017

In my 2017 regulatory predictions post last month, I concluded by saying that the new year would be very different for the financial services industry than 2016. This certainly didn’t take long to come to fruition. In the first two weeks of the new administration, President Trump took several steps aimed at slowing down as well as scaling back current and future regulations. Despite these aggressive actions, there remains a number of challenges related to the reach and impact of these directives. Regulatory Reform through Memorandum and Executive Orders Out of the gate, the Trump administration made good on its promise to curtail the pace of federal regulations. Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Reince Priebus issued a memo on Inauguration Day that, in part, calls for the heads of executive departments and agencies to initiate a regulatory freeze until someone designated by the President has a chance... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance Auto Loan Credit Quality: Hazardous Road Conditions Ahead?

Auto Lending Credit Trends
Feb222017

The gist of recent media coverage on the state of US auto lending can be summarized by the title of a recent New York Times article: As Auto Lending Rises, So Do Delinquencies. With this concern in mind, FICO recently conducted a research study to examine the credit quality of US consumers with auto loans, as well as other significant credit trends in auto lending. Our findings tell an interesting tale: Banks have been mildly decreasing their car loan underwriting standards. Overall indebtedness for many consumers has been declining since the Great Recession. The size of car loans has been increasing faster than inflation since the recession. More consumers now have six-year auto loans instead of five-year loans, which were the previous standard. These six-year loans have higher delinquency rates, thus this shift to longer-term loans is likely to result in higher losses for US auto loans over the next... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance AI Meets AML: How the Analytics Work

Brain with AML highlihgted in neural pathways
Feb152017

The focus on financial crime, and the money laundering that funds terrorist attacks and other criminal activities, has forced the industry to look for smarter approaches. In the previous posts in this mini-series, TJ Horan noted that AI is the newest hope for compliance, and Frank Holzenthal explored the benefits that AI can bring to compliance officers. Now it’s my turn, and I’m going to explore the AI and machine learning technologies my team has integrated into the FICO TONBELLER Anti-Financial Crime Solutions. We have built on top of the FICO TONBELLER solutions using FICO’s battle-proven and patented artificial intelligence and machine-learning algorithms, which are used in FICO Falcon Fraud Manager to protect about two-thirds of the world’s payment card transactions. Industry experts have begun to realize the significance of analytics in combatting anti-money laundering. For instance, Aite Group LLC in its 2015 report Global AML Vendor Evaluation noted that... [Read More]

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