Tag Archives: Regulation

Risk & Compliance Is US Financial Regulatory Reform Dead or Ready for Take Off?

Capitol building
Jul172017

As a result of several recent policy developments, talk of achieving meaningful US financial regulatory reform is getting louder. The passage in the House of the Republican-backed Financial CHOICE Act of 2017 (Choice Act), the ongoing federal agency activity in response to a number of regulatory reform-related Executive Orders by President Trump, and the positive results from the Fed’s annual supervisory stress tests of large banks are examples of efforts that appear to be moving the reform movement forward. Yet formidable political obstacles remain, leading many to ask: What is achievable and what path will regulatory reform follow? Here is my take. A Legislative Solution Is Not on the Horizon … at Least Not Any Time Soon In June, the House adopted, along a party line vote, the Choice Act, which aims to make broad changes to the 2010 Dodd-Frank statute. While Democrats and Republicans have both discussed their willingness... [Read More]

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Fraud & Security PSD2 – New Rules for Strong Customer Authentication

PSD2 with question mark
Jun272017

Rather like Brexit, the Second Payment Services Directive (PSD2) is coming and whether you like it or not, it will bring important and sustained changes. In the case of PSD2 those changes will disrupt the way that payments work all around Europe. So, what will the changes be? While much is uncertain, we can highlight some impacts which are almost guaranteed. In particular, those at the rock face of PSD2 agree on Strong Customer Authentication (SCA): Do whatever you can to avoid it. There are good reasons for PSD2 uncertainty. Key parts of the directive aren’t fully documented. More importantly, because the programme has been designed to be open to interpretation, to be flexible, even when it is written down, there is a lot of space for interpretation. And there are plenty of people who want to fill the gaps in to suit their own ambitions. Who will emerge as... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance FICO Is a Category Leader in IFRS 9 Solutions – Chartis

Chartis report cover
Jun222017

FICO has been named a Category Leader in IFRS 9 solutions by Chartis Research in its report IFRS 9 Technology Solutions: Market Update 2017. “Like other regulatory mandates of the past decade, IFRS 9 is another transformational event for all financial institutions (FIs),” the report states. “In all likelihood, it will reduce FIs’ profits and retained earnings, increase their loan loss provisions, and have a negative impact on their regulatory and economic capital. To mitigate these impacts, FIs will have to rely heavily on the rigor of their data management and the quality of their data, and on the application of Expected Credit Loss (ECL) modeling and overall governance.” The FICO® IFRS 9 Impairment Management Solution includes industry-leading predictive modeling for loss forecasting; software for high-speed model execution, loss reporting, process governance and “what-if” scenario analysis; and strategy consulting from advisors with extensive domain and analytics expertise. “Effectively addressing the challenges of this... [Read More]

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Collections & Recovery GDPR – Two First Steps for Collectors

GDPR logo
Jun152017

If my last post on GDPR and collections left you feeling mildly depressed, you’re paying attention! Now that we’ve scoped out the difficulties, here are a couple of things you can do to prepare. And preparation, like compliance, is important: GDPR sets out some steep fines for non-compliance, and you don’t want your department — or your vendor — to be the trigger. 1. Create Your Data Inventory GDPR wants you to only use the data that is absolutely necessary. Whether your decisions are based on rules or algorithms, you’re going to have to show what data you are using and how it impacts decisions in collections. As someone executing collection strategies, you want to make sure neither you, your department nor the third parties serving you cause the business to be exposed. You need to make sure you understand where the data you’re using comes from, and prove that... [Read More]

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Risk & Compliance 5 Questions Risk Managers Need to Ask About PSD2

PSD2 with question mark
Jun122017

The Second Payments Services Directive or PSD2 will bring tremendous changes to the payments world in the coming months. But what does it mean for risk managers? That’s one issue we grappled with at FICO’s recent EMEA Risk Leadership Forum. Today I believe we have more questions than answers. Bear in mind that the goal of PSD2 is to enable customer migration and incent market competition. It’s the finance equivalent of being able to keep your phone number when you switch providers. That’s fantastic if you’re a new entrant, not so fantastic if you’re a bank being forced to share your accounts’ details with new competitors. But PSD2 is more than just open banking. It creates two new players – the Payment Initiation Services Provider (PISP) and the Account Information Services Provider (ASIP). While most banks will be one or both of these, so will many other market participants, such... [Read More]

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Collections & Recovery Collectors — Get Ready for the IFRS 9 Bucket Challenge

Ice bucket challenge photo
Jun012017

Remember the ice bucket challenge craze? Get ready for the IFRS 9 bucket challenge — it’s even more startling, and nobody’s standing by to give you a warm towel. Like GDPR, IFRS 9 poses major challenges for collectors, just as it does for accountants, IT, risk managers and anyone else in the credit business. So now let’s talk about what you can do. Note: While I’m just talking about IFRS 9 here, you do have to approach it and GDPR in concert, because in some areas they seem to be in conflict. You don’t want to gear up for IFRS 9 and then realize you have to undo some of your strategies or processes to avoid GDPR fines. Build your 30-day plan IFRS 9 says if a customer’s risk deteriorates — including becoming 31 days overdue — they go into Stage 2, and you have to start holding lifetime impairment.... [Read More]

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Analytics & Optimization Explainable AI Breaks Out of the Black Box

Box stamped AI
May312017

Over the last 12 months or so there’s been incredible excitement about artificial intelligence and all of the amazing things it can do for us—everything from driving cars to making pizza (super-cool video!). But — and this is a big “but” — artificial intelligence comes with many challenges, including trying to decipher what these models have learned, and thus their decision criteria. In my last post, I discussed how regulations such as Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation will demand Explainable AI. This is a field of science that attempts to remove the black box and deliver AI performance while also providing an explanation as to the “how” and “why” a model derives its decisions. DARPA says Explainable AI or XAI: Produces more explainable models, while maintaining a high level of learning performance (prediction accuracy); and Enables human users to understand, appropriately trust, and effectively manage the emerging generation of artificially intelligent partners. Three Ways... [Read More]

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Analytics & Optimization GDPR and Other Regulations Demand Explainable AI

Box stamped AI
May242017

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a wide-ranging and complex regulation intended to strengthen and unify data protection for all individuals within the European Union (EU). A year ago I blogged about the data governance ramifications of GDPR, and in this blog I’ll focus on another facet of GDPR to talk about a related analytics topic: explainable artificial intelligence (AI). First, let’s start with GDPR. Article 22 of GDPR, “Automated individual decision-making, including profiling,” concerns the use of data in decision-making that affects individuals, such as a person applying for a loan. The regulation says: “1. The data subject shall have the right not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated processing, including profiling, which produces legal effects concerning him or her or similarly significantly affects him or her.” Point 2 of Article 22 describes exclusions (including situations involving the person’s explicit consent, such as applying... [Read More]

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Collections & Recovery IFRS 9: Three Critical Areas of Focus for Collectors

May152017

My colleague Bruce Curry recently published a blog on “IFRS 9 & Collections – The 31 Day Time Bomb”. During my various client interactions, I can see that many businesses are developing and testing the impairment models that will give them a good understanding on the financial impacts that the new standard will have on their balance sheet performance, but the operational implications are currently less clear. From a practical perspective, I believe there are three areas across collections that should be reviewed to mitigate the increases in impairment that are expected to result from IFRS 9: 1. Pre-arrears strategy – These strategies have been a topic of conversation for a number of years and their success has been mixed. IFRS 9 means that it is now more important than ever to adopt a “prevention rather than cure” approach in mitigating the risk, and flow, of accounts into Stage 1... [Read More]

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Collections & Recovery Three Top Regulatory Themes Emerge from Debt Collection Panel

Three Regulatory Themes
Apr102017

I recently moderated a regulatory panel discussion before a group of nearly 100 collections and recovery (C&R) professionals at the FICO® Debt Manager™ User Group Forum. The esteemed panel consisted of a mix of veteran policy and business leaders, including: Maria Wolvin, Vice President and Senior Counsel of Regulatory Affairs at ACA International; Terry Collins, Collections and Recovery Manager at Trustmark National Bank; and Lucia Lebens, Vice President of Government Relations and Public Policy at Navient. Much of the discussion focused on what C&R professionals can expect in the new US regulatory environment that has emerged in the wake of the November elections. While our experts spoke on a number of hot-button topics, three main themes emerged. CFPB Debt Collection Rulemaking Will Likely Move Forward The panel discussed the CFPB’s continued focus on developing new debt collection regulations. The CFPB has indicated that its next pre-rule action will be the... [Read More]

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